It has been argued that this cultivation is likely to have taken place in the Roman period, when the saffron crocus would have been grown to supply the London market, most probably for medicinal purposes, and particularly for the treatment of granulation of the eyelids.
There is also a plausible Brittonic origin for Croydon in the form "Crai-din" meaning "settlement near fresh water" (Cf "Creuddyn" Cardiganshire), the name Crai (variously spelled) being found in Kent at various places even as late as the Domesday Book "The earliest mention of Croydon is in the joint will of Beorhtric and Aelfswth, dated about the year 962.
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A charter issued by King Coenwulf of Mercia refers to a council that had taken place close to the monasterium (meaning minster) of Croydon.